Ron and I (Linda) came home with enough at the end of the day to feel good about our two night trip to Ochocos. It is so very beautiful up there in the spring that it is hard to complain. We looked hard for morels from 5000 ft to 6000 ft. and could not figure the best altitude for fruiting. The Spring King boletes, Boletus rex-veris, surprised us with the fresh and firm specimens and they are all drying in my food dryer as we speak.
While hunting morels, we often find other fungi fruiting in the same habitat. True, it is disappointing not to find morels, but other interesting mushrooms reassure us that we are in the right place at the right time. Maybe the morels are just not in this spot.
One of my favorite indicator species is Tricholoma vernaticum, the Cuke Trich. It is a large white mushroom with a distinct smell of cucumber. Note the evanescent ring on the lower stem. To me, smelling this mushroom is like a breath of spring – like the spring flowers and lilacs in my yard. It puts me in that exciting place where I can feel the aliveness of earth as life blossoms all around me. I love to find it in the woods and share the intense aroma with others. All the literature I have says it is not an edible species. Okay with me.
Another frequent fruiter during morel season is Hygrophorus subalpinus. This large white mushroom is nearly underground early in the season and has a coating of dirt when picked. If you look at the gills under the cap, you will notice they are very thick, almost like they were made of wax. Rubbing a piece of the gill tissue between your fingers gives you the impression that your fingers are being coated with a thin layer of paraffin. Yes. This is a Waxy-cap, Subalpine waxy-cap. No, it is not edible unless you like to eat wax, and David Arora (Mushrooms Demystified) says it will coat your mouth. What I notice most about Hygrophorus subalpinus is its whiteness. I mean, this mushroom is so very white WHITE that is seems unnatural, especially since it seems to get covered in dirt! When you turn it over to look at those waxy gills, note the beautiful white mushroom through and through! I wonder if they could make lotion from that waxy coating!
Vern sent this photo of his haul from along the Metolius river today. He says that some of these Boletus rex-veris (Spring Kings) are wormy. Must go a little higher now.
We worked hard for what we found, but everyone went home with some morels after eating many of them with meals for 3 days. My legs were tired! These were found about 5100 ft in mixed conifer. I ran into another club member who had a large cooler 4″ deep in morels. He said they were at 4800-5000 ft. We didn’t have as much luck, even with 5 of us hunting.
Good luck out there!
Mushrooms we find in Oregon are usually associated with certain trees and some are tree specific. We have invited Dr. Edward Jenkins of Oregon State University to share his knowledge and his book about identifying trees and shrubs in Oregon. Armed with this knowledge, we will be more successful in hunting for our favorite fungi. He will speak at our club’s May 10 meeting, Weds., at 6 PM at the Environmental Center in downtown Bend. We will also have time to talk mushrooms and share our morel stories, if we have been so lucky. Please join us!
What a fascinating and well-attended talk last night at the April COMC meeting! Over 60 folks listened to Ja Schindler of Fungi For the People in Dexter, OR. Ja described his work through slides of the many species he cultivates and sells wholesale to suppliers. He has workshops on growing your own mushrooms from spores at his lab in Lowell, OR. Ja got us very excited about delicious species that would do well growing in our area and gave away free starter kits to those who stayed through his 2 hour talk (Shiitake and Stropharia.) His partner, Valerie, has been working with him on the medicinal aspects of mushrooms, creating tinctures and infusions that provide immunity boosts for all sorts of ailments. It was hard to stop the meeting with so much yet to hear and we will definitely invite him back for another visit. Our club now has 15 new members from this one meeting!
I received an email from an enthusiastic and seemingly knowledgeable mushroom hunter who just discovered our club via this website. He sent remarkable photos of Blewits, Clitocybe nuda (a.k.a. Lepista nuda) that he recently found in “eastern Oregon.” Some say this fall fungi is their favorite mushroom. I don’t find it in Central Oregon, even in the fall, or else I am believing they are all a dangerous Cortinarius species. Corts have rusty-brown spores, Blewits have light-lavendar colored spores. Such a lucky find for Jordan!
Here is what he wrote:
1) Purple, beautiful purple when fresh. tan-purple in age
2) Purple, deep lavender gills that are attached, notched
3) debris adhering on base, visible mycelium
4) In duff, with organic matter-in the drip-zone of trees; planted and native
5) Pinkish-buff spore print
6) Fruity, sweetish-odor”
We are excited to have more passionate fungi funatics join our club.
Mushroom Man Dale has been out scouting again and found about 30 or more Verpa bohemicas along the Columbia River near Portland this week. Yes, they look like morels, but the caps of Verpas are only attached at the very top of the stem, like a thimble. The stem is usually stuffed with cotton-like fibers, then hollow in age. Although many people eat these with no problem, it is best to parboil them first and discard the water. Studies show this species contains a small amount of Gyromitrin, a toxin, the doesn’t completely leave the cooked mass, so don’t each many at one sitting!
The best part of this find is that they indicate morels are close behind, maybe a couple weeks. Remember this is near Portland, so you do the math – 500 ft. of elevation per week. If these were picked was last week, near see level and we are at 3600 ft, well, about Mother’s Day week around here. (That is when I usually get my mushroom permit.) Please let us know what you find!
We are excited about our speaker for April who has an interesting website called Fungi For the People. https://fungiforthepeople.org . He will speak to us on home cultivation of mushrooms and other topics that are dear to his heart. Join us at the Environmental Center in downtown Bend, 16 NW Kansas, at 6 PM. If you would like to join our club, registration will be available at the meeting. We will have future meetings on Weds., May 10 and June 14. Stay tuned for more details.
Taken from his website:
Ja is the founder and director of Fungi For The People, a non-profit organization with the mission to help build resilient and ecologically enhanced communities. Since 2011, more than 3,000 people from all over the world have joined their hands-on course.
From his research lab, farm and mushroom homestead in Oregon, Ja is cultivating a diversity of projects to support citizen science and ecological restoration.
As part of the Mushroom Cultivation Design Center, he is producing cultivation supplies and mushroom extracts while maintaining a culture library of over 200 mushroom species. Other ongoing projects include developing an open-source mushroom spore bank; mycelium stormwater filtration research with Oregon municipalities; mycelium natural building projects; mushroom Food Forest designs; and progressing natural technologies.
White Elm Oyster – Hypsizygus ulmarius
Phoenix Oyster: Pleurotus pulmonarius
Golden Oyster: Pleurotus citrinopileatus
Reishi – Ganoderma lucidum
Garden Giant – Stropharia rugoso-annulata
Shiitake – Lentinula edodes
Shaggy Mane – Coprinus comatus
Shaggy Parasol – Macrolepiota rachodes
Chicken of the Woods – Laetiporus conifericola
Enoki – Flammulina velutipes
Lion’s Mane – Herecium erinaceus
Maiitake – Grifola frondosa